Wyoming is a state in the Western U.S. mountain region. The state is by area the 10th largest, the least populous, and the country's second most sparsely populated territory. Wyoming is bordered by Montana to the north, South Dakota and Nebraska to the east, Colorado to the south, Utah to the southwest, and Idaho and Montana to the west. In 2018, the state population was estimated at 577,737, which is less than 31 of the most populated U.S. cities in neighboring Colorado, including Denver. With an estimated population of 63,624 in 2017, Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city.
The western two-thirds of the state is mostly occupied by the Rocky Mountains ' mountain ranges and rangelands, while the eastern third of the state is the High Plains. Nearly half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U.S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and third by the federal government's share of a state's land. Federal lands include two national parks— Grand Teton and Yellowstone — two national recreation areas, two national monuments, numerous national forests, historical sites, hatcheries of fish, and wildlife shelters.
As defined in the Wyoming Territory classification law, the borders of Wyoming are latitude lines 41 ° N and 45 ° N, and longitude 104 ° 3'W and 111 ° 3'W (27 ° W and 34 ° W of the Washington Meridian), making the state form a quadrangle of latitude-longitude. Wyoming is one of only three states (along with Colorado and Utah) with only straight latitudinal and longitudinal borders, rather than being defined by natural landmarks. The 7 degrees were selected by the U.S. Congress from West to East and 4 degrees from South to North. In some places, especially in the mountainous region along the 45th parallel, Wyoming's legal boundary deviates from the true latitude and longitude lines by up to half a mile (0.8 km) due to surveying inaccuracies during the 19th century. Wyoming is bordered by Montana to the north, South Dakota and Nebraska to the east, Colorado to the south, Utah to the south-west, and Idaho to the west. It is the United States ' tenth largest state in total area, covering 97,814 square miles (253,340 km2) and consisting of 23 counties. It is 276 miles (444 km) from the northern border to the southern border; and the northern border is 365 miles (587 km) from the east to the west and 342 miles (550 km) from the northern end.
The Great Plains converge in Wyoming with the Rocky Mountains. The condition is a massive plateau that many mountain ranges have breached. Surface elevations range from the top of Gannett Top in the Wind River Mountain Range at 13,804 feet (4,207 m) to the valley of the Belle Fourche River in the northeastern corner of the state at 3,125 feet (952 m). The Absaroka, Owl Creek, Gros Ventre, Wind River and the Teton ranges are situated in the north-west. The Big Horn Mountains are situated in the central north; the Black Hills in the northeast; and the Laramie, Snowy, and Sierra Madre ranges in the southern region.
The mining and travel and tourism sectors are the main drivers behind the economy of Wyoming. The federal government owns about 50% of its land mass, while the state controls 6% of its land mass. For 2001, gross taxable mining production values in Wyoming reached $6.7 billion. The tourism industry accounts for the state's income of over $2 billion.
More than six million people visited the national parks and monuments of Wyoming in 2002. Wyoming's major tourist attractions include Grand Teton National Park, Yellowstone National Park, National Monument to the Devils Tower, Independence Rock, and National Monument to the Fossil Butte. Yellowstone National Park, the first national park in the world, attracts three million visitors each year.
Agriculture has long been an important part of Wyoming's economy. Its overall significance for Wyoming's economy's performance has declined. Farming, however, is still an essential part of the culture and lifestyle of Wyoming. Livestock (beef), hay, sugar beets, grain (wheat and barley), and wool are the key agricultural commodities produced in Wyoming. Over 91% of Wyoming's land is classified as rural.Read: Wyoming Wikipedia Page