Wisconsin is a U.S. state situated in the north, midwest, and Great Lakes areas of the United States. It is bordered in the west by Minnesota, in the southwest by Wisconsin, in the south by Illinois, in the east by Lake Michigan, in the north by Michigan, and in the north by Lake Superior. Wisconsin is by total area the 23rd largest state and the 20th most populous state. The state capital is Madison, and Milwaukee, on the western shore of Lake Michigan, is its largest city. The state is split into 72 counties.
The geography of Wisconsin is diverse, with the exception of the Driftless Area, having been greatly affected by glaciers during the Ice Age. Together with a part of the Central Plain, the Northern Highland and Western Upland occupy the western part of the state, with lowlands extending to Lake Michigan's shore. Wisconsin is second in the length of its coastline of the Great Lakes to Michigan.
Late in the 1890s, Wisconsin's farmers switched from grain to dairy production to make their land more productive and competitive. Most immigrants brought traditional cheese making which, combined with the correct geography and dairy research of the state led by Stephen Babcock at the University of Wisconsin, helped the state develop a reputation as "America's Dairyland" In the meantime, conservationists like Aldo Leopold helped restore the forests of the state during the early 20th century, paving the way for a more sustainable timber and paper milling industry and encouraging outdoor tourism in the northern forests. During the early 20th century, manufacturing also boomed in Wisconsin, propelled by a large immigrant workforce coming from Europe. Industries in cities such as Milwaukee ranged from brewing and food processing to heavy machine production and tool making, leading Wisconsin to rank 8th in total product value by 1910 among U.S. states.
From the anti-communist crusades of Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1950s to the radical anti-war protests at UW-Madison that culminated in the Sterling Hall bombing in August 1970, Wisconsin took part in a number of political extremes in the mid to late 20th century. During the 1990s, Republican Governor Tommy Thompson pursued welfare reform. The state economy also underwent further transformations towards the end of the 20th century, as heavy industry and manufacturing declined in favor of a medicine, education, agribusiness and tourism-based service economy.
Around a quarter of American cheese is manufactured by Wisconsin, leading the nation in cheese production. It is second behind California and Vermont in milk production, after California, and fifth in per-capita milk production. Wisconsin is second in the production of butter, supplying around a quarter of butter from the country. The state ranks first nationally in silage maize production, ginseng cranberries, and processing snap beans. It produces more than half of the national cranberry crop. And 97% of the ginseng population. Wisconsin is also a leading manufacturer for processing oats, onions, carrots, tart cherries, maple syrup, and sweet maize. Exemplified by the depiction of a Holstein cow, an ear of corn, and a wheel of cheese on Wisconsin's state quarter model, the importance of the state's agricultural production. The state chooses an "Alice in Dairyland" annually to promote the agricultural products of the state all over the world.
According to the Department of Tourism, tourism is a major industry in Wisconsin–the third largest state. Tourist attractions like the House on the Rock in Spring Green, the Circus World Museum in Baraboo, and The Dells of the Wisconsin River draw thousands of tourists each year, and events like Summerfest and the EAA Oshkosh Airshow attract international attention, along with hundreds of thousands of visitors.
Water recreation is very common due to the large number of lakes and rivers in the state. What had been a timber-focused industrial area in the North Country has been largely transformed into a holiday destination. In addition to traditional interests in hunting and fishing, popular interest in the environment and environment has attracted a large urban audience within the driving range.
The distinctive Door Peninsula, extending off the state's eastern coast, includes Door County, one of the state's tourist destinations. Due to the large number of natural harbors, bays and boat launches on both the Green Bay and Lake Michigan sides of the county, Door County is a popular destination for boaters. The region draws more than two million visitors annually to its quaint villages, picking seasonal cherry, and boiling fish.Read: Wisconsin Wikipedia Page