Vermont is a New England U.S. territory. It includes the southern states of Vermont, the east side of New Hampshire, and the west side of New York, and the north side of Quebec, Canada. Vermont is by population the second-smallest and by territory the sixth-smallest in the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the United States ' least-populated state capital. Burlington, the most populous city, is the least populous city to be a state's most populous city. As of 2019, Vermont was the United States ' top maple syrup manufacturer. In crime statistics, since 2016 it has been ranked as the country's safest territory.
Vermont is located in the Northeastern United States ' New England area and consists of 9,614 square miles (24,900 km2) making it the 45th largest state. It is the only state with no buildings of more than 124 feet (38 m) high. Land consists of 9,250 square miles (24,000 km2) and water consists of 365 square miles (950 km2), making it the 43rd largest land area and the 47th largest water area. It is larger than El Salvador in total area and smaller than Haiti. It is New England's only landlocked state, and is the easternmost and smallest of all landlocked states in the world.
For the state, the mean annual temperature is 43 ° F (6 ° C). Vermont has a warm continental climate, with muddy springs, typically a mild early summer, hot Augusts; it has vibrant autumns: the hills of Vermont show red, yellow, and gold leaves (on sugar maples) as cold weather approaches. In higher elevations, winters are colder. It has Dfb's Köppen climate classification, a dry continental humid climate.
In 2000, agriculture contributed 2.2% of the domestic product of the state. Around 3 percent of the state's population was engaged in agriculture in 2000. The Pew Research Center estimated that less than 5,000 illegal immigrants were working by farms in the state as of 2014. In 2017, Vermont Governor Phil Scott confirmed that the state is "exploring a legal challenge" to the executive order signed requiring Vermont law enforcement authorities to comply with the U.S. by President Donald Trump. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and "accomplish the role of immigration officers in prosecuting, apprehending or detaining aliens."
Forest products have always been an economic staple, accounting for 1% of total gross state output and 9% of total manufacturing as of 2013. The largest concentration of kilns for drying lumber east of the Mississippi River was contained in Windham County in 2007. Thanks to ecological regeneration, the loss of farms has led to a regrowth of Vermont's forests. Most of the forests in Vermont are now secondary. State and non-profit agencies are actively promoting forest regeneration and careful management. More than 78 percent of the state's land area is forested compared to just 37 percent forest in the 1880s when sheep farming was at its peak and large quantities of acreage were cleared for grazing land. More than 85% of the area is non-industrial, private forest owned by individuals or families. In 2013, Vermont harvested 73.054 million cubic feet of timber. Exports of 21,504 million feet shipped overseas plus an additional 16,384 million cubic feet to Canada are a large quantity of Vermont forest products. Most of it has been stored in the system. The manufacture of wood products has plummeted by nearly half in this century. It was estimated that net annual growth was 172.810 million cubic feet. The USDA reports that the volume stands at 8.584 billion cubic feet. Forest products also contribute to carbon sequestration as the lumber and wood used in houses and furniture maintain carbon for long periods of time, while the trees removed are replaced by new growing stock.
Tourism is an important state-run industry. Resorts, resorts, restaurants and shops that are designed to attract visitors and employ people throughout the year. Summer camps including Abenaki camp, Billings camp, Dudley camp, and Hochelaga camp contribute to the tourist economy of Vermont. Visitors are interested in hunting for salmon, fishing for ponds and fishing for ice. Some people are walking the Long Trail.
Nearly 15 percent of all Vermont housing units were empty and listed "for seasonal, recreational, or occasional use" according to the 2000 Census. This was the country's second-highest percentage, after Maine. Holiday homes owned by wealthy New England and New York residents are the majority of all housing stock in some Vermont towns. As of 2009, according to one estimate, out - of-state residents owned 84 percent of all houses in Ludlow. Manchester and Stowe are other popular holiday-home resorts.
Some of New England's largest ski areas are in Vermont. Visit Burke Mountain Ski Area, Bolton Valley, Smugglers ' Notch, Killington Ski Area, Mad River Glen, Stowe Mountain Resort, Cochrans Ski Area, Sugarbush, Stratton, Jay Peak, Okemo, Suicide Six, Mount Snow, Bromley, and Magic Mountain Ski Area. Resort towns such as Stowe, Manchester, Quechee, Wilmington and Woodstock for summer visitors. The effects of global warming are expected to shorten the ski season duration across Vermont, which would accelerate the ski industry's decline and restructuring in Vermont and endanger individual ski businesses and communities dependent on ski tourism.Read: Vermont Wikipedia Page