In the western United States, Utah is a county. On January 4, 1896, it became the 45th state admitted to the United States. Utah is the thirtieth-largest by area, the thirtieth-most populous, and the eleventh-most-densely populated of the 50 U.S. According to the July 1, 2016 census survey, Utah has a population of over 3 million. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which comprises around 2.5 million people; and the Washington County in Southern Utah, with more than 160,000 inhabitants. Utah is bordered in the east by Colorado, in the north by Wyoming, in the north by Idaho, in the south by Arizona and in the west by Nevada. It also crosses the southeast corner of New Mexico.
The state is a hub for transportation, education, information technology and research, government and mining facilities, and a major outdoor recreation tourist destination. The United States in 2013 The Census Bureau estimated that Utah had any state's second most rapidly growing population. In 2000 to 2005, St. George was the fastest growing metropolitan area in the U.S. Utah also has the 14th-highest average income and any U.S. state's lowest income inequality. A 2012 Gallup national survey ranked Utah as the "best state to live in the future" based on 13 forward-looking indicators including numerous financial, lifestyle, and outlook metrics related to health.
Utah is known for its natural diversity and home to characteristics ranging from arid deserts with sand dunes to thriving mountain valley pine forests. It is a rough and geographically diverse state with three distinct geological areas converging: the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, and the Colorado Plateau.
Much of the scenic southern and southeastern landscape (particularly the Colorado Plateau region) is sandstone, especially sandstone from Kayenta and sandstone from Navajo. The Colorado River and its tributaries snake their way through the sandstone, forming some of the most stunning and wild scenery in the world (the area around the Colorado and Green Rivers confluence was the last to be surveyed in the U.S. below). For millions of years, wind and rain have also sculpted the fragile sandstone. Canyons, gullies, arches, pinnacles, buttes, bluffs, and mesas are the common sight in southern and southeastern Utah.
Eastern (northern quarter) Utah is a high-altitude region mostly covered by plateaus and basins, particularly the relatively inaccessible Tavaputs Plateau and San Rafael Swell, and the Uinta Basin, where most of the people of eastern Utah live. Mining, oil shale, oil, and natural gas drilling, ranching, and recreation dominate economies. Much of eastern Utah is part of the Indian Reservation of Uintah and Ouray. Dinosaur National Monument near Vernal is the most popular destination in northeastern Utah.
The lowest and hottest spot in Utah is Southwest Utah. It is known as Utah's Dixie because some cotton was cultivated there by early settlers. Beaverdam Wash is the lowest point in the state at 2,000 feet (610 m) in far southwestern Utah. Even found in this region is the northernmost portion of the Mojave Desert. Dixie is quickly becoming a popular destination for leisure and retirement, and the population is rapidly growing. While the Wasatch Mountains end at Mount Nebo near Nephi, a complex series of mountain ranges stretches south down the Utah backbone from the southern end of the range. The state's highest ski resort, Brian Head, is just north of Dixie and east of Cedar City.
Utah has a warm, semi-arid desert climate, though its many peaks have a wide variety of climates, with the highest points above the timberline in the Uinta Peaks. The dry weather is a product of the position of the state in California's Sierra Nevada rain shadow. The eastern half of the state falls in the Wasatch Mountains ' rain shadow. The Pacific Ocean is the primary source of precipitation for the region, with the state usually lying on the path of major Pacific storms from October to May. In summer, the state lies on the path of monsoon moisture from the Gulf of California, particularly southern and eastern Utah.Read: Utah Wikipedia Page