Texas is by area (after Alaska) and population (after California) the second largest state in the United States. Located in the South Central region, Texas shares boundaries with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the north-east, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León and Tamaulipas to the south-west, with the southeast coastline of the Gulf of Mexico.
Houston is Texas's most populous city and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the state's second-most populous, and the U.S.'s seventh-largest. The fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively, are Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston. Some major cities include Houston, America's second-populated state capital, and El Paso. For its former status as an independent republic and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico, Texas is dubbed the "Lone Star State" You will notice the "Lone Star" on the Texas state flag and the Texas state seal. The name of Texas originates from the word taysha, which in the Caddo language means "family".
Texas includes varied ecosystems common to both the U.S. due to its size and geological features such as the Balcones Fault. The parts of the South and Southwest. While Texas is popularly associated with the southwestern deserts of the U.S., less than 10% of Texas ' land is desert. Most of the population centers are in ancient prairies, grasslands, wetlands, and coastal zones. Traveling from east to west, you can see land ranging from coastal swamps and pine forests to rolling plains and rocky hills, and finally the Big Bend desert and mountains.
Historically, before World War II, the Texas economy was shaped by four major industries: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. Before and after the United States. The cattle industry, which came to dominate Texas, was a major economic force for the state, establishing the Texas cowboy's iconic image. Cotton and lumber became major industries in the later nineteenth century as the cattle industry became less profitable. In the end, however, it was the discovery of major petroleum deposits (especially Spindletop) which sparked an economic boom which for much of the 20th century became the driving force behind the economy. Texas developed a diversified economy and high-tech industry in the mid-20th century with heavy investment in universities. It's second on the list of most Fortune 500 companies with 54 as of 2015. The state is leading in many industries with a growing industry base, including tourism, agriculture, petrochemicals, power, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Since 2002, Texas has led the U.S. in export revenue and has the second-highest gross state product. It would be the 10th largest economy in the world if Texas were a sovereign state.>
Texas is in the United States of America's southern central part. Rivers describe three of its limits. The Rio Grande is a natural border with the southern Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. The Red River is a natural border to the north with Oklahoma and Arkansas. The Sabine River forms Louisiana's natural border to the east. The Texas Panhandle has an eastern border at 100 ° W with Oklahoma, a northern border at 36 ° 30' N with Oklahoma and a western border at 103 ° W with New Mexico. El Paso sits at 32 ° N and the Rio Grande on the western edge of the state.Read: Texas Wikipedia Page