Oklahoma is a state bordered by the state of Texas in the south and west, Kansas in the north, Missouri in the north-east, Arkansas in the east, New Mexico in the west, and Colorado in the north-west. It is the third largest and the twenty-eighth most populous of the fifty United States. The name of the state derives from the okla and humma words of Choctaw, meaning "red people" It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State" in reference to non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of land in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which expanded European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. When it became the 46th state to join the union on November 16, 1907, Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were incorporated into Oklahoma State. Its people are known as Oklahomans (or "Okies" colloquially), and Oklahoma City is its capital and largest city.
Oklahoma, a leading producer of natural gas, oil and agricultural products, relies on an economic basis for transportation, power, telecommunications and biotechnology. Both Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as the primary economic hubs of Oklahoma, with almost two-thirds of Oklahomans residing within their statistical metropolitan areas.
Most of Oklahoma falls in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, and the U.S. of ancient mountain ranges, prairie, mesas, and eastern forest. Interior Highlands, a severe weather-prone area. In Texas, there are more than 25 native American languages, ranking third behind Alaska and California.
There are four main mountain ranges in Oklahoma: Ouachita Mountains, Arbuckle Mountains, Wichita Mountains, and Ozark Mountains. Contained within the United States The only big mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians is the Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches north-central Oklahoma, and near the eastern border of the state, the Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department sees Cavanal Hill as the highest hill in the world; at 1,999 feet (609 m), it fails to define a single-foot mountain.
Oklahoma is in a subtropical humid climate. Oklahoma sits between the semi-arid climates to the west in a transition zone. Most of the state is located in an area known as the Tornado Alley, marked by regular encounters between cold, dry Canadian air, mild to hot, dry Mexican and Southwestern U.S. air, and humid, moist Mexican Gulf air. The interactions between these three opposing air currents produce severe weather (serious thunderstorms, destructive thunderstorm winds, large hail and tornadoes) with a nearly unheard intensity anywhere else on planet Earth. An average of 62 tornadoes hit the state annually— one of the world's highest numbers.
There are a few annual events and festivals in Oklahoma City. Oklahoma State Fair attracts approximately one million people along with the annual Arts Festival during a ten-day run in Oklahoma City. Every year in Oklahoma City there are large national pow wows, various Latin and Asian heritage festivals, and cultural festivals like the Juneteenth celebrations. The Oklahoma City Pride Parade has been held annually since late June 1987 in Oklahoma City's gay district on 39th and Penn. The Paseo Arts District's First Friday Art Walk is an art appreciation festival that takes place on the first Friday of each month. The Paseo on Memorial Day Weekend also holds an annual art festival.
In Tulsa, during its 10-day season, the Tulsa State Fair draws over a million visitors, and during 2007, the Mayfest festival in the region attracted over 375,000 people in four days. Tulsa's Oktoberfest was named by USA Today as one of the top 10 in the world in 2006 and Bon Appétit magazine as one of the best German food festivals in the country.
Norman plays host to the Norman Music Festival, a festival that features bands and artists from native Oklahoma. Norman is also the host of Norman's Medieval Fair, held annually since 1976 and the first medieval fair to be held in Oklahoma. The Fair first took place on the southern oval campus of Oklahoma University and relocated to the Duck Pond in Norman in the third year until the Fair became too large and transferred to Reaves Park in 2003. Norman's Medieval Fair is "largest weekend event and the third-largest event in Oklahoma, and was listed by Events Media Network as one of the top 100 events in the country".Read: Oklahoma Wikipedia Page