Ohio is a state in the United States ' Great Lakes region. It is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, and the 10th most densely populated of the fifty states. Columbus is the capital and largest city of the state. Ohio is bordered in the east by Pennsylvania, in the northwest by Michigan, in the north by Lake Erie, in the west by Indiana, in the south by Kentucky and in the south by West Virginia.
The state takes its name from the Ohio River, the name of which in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiquelyo, meaning "good river" "great river" or "large creek" Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th country to be admitted to the Union on 1 March 1803 and the first to be admitted under the Northwest Ordinance. With its Ohio buckeye trees, Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".
Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars as an early frontier part of the Northwest Territory to become the first non-colonial free state to be admitted to the union, to become an industrial powerhouse in the 20th century before transitioning into a more information and service-based economy in the 21st century.
The geographical location of Ohio has proved to be an asset to economic growth and growth. Because Ohio connects the northeast to the midwest, along its well-developed highways, a lot of cargo and business traffic passes through its borders. Ohio has the 10th largest highway network in the nation and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's production capacity. To the north, Lake Erie provides coastline in Ohio with 312 miles (502 km), allowing multiple cargo ports. The southern border of Ohio is defined by the Ohio River (with the border on the north side of the river at the low-water mark of 1792) and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. The neighbors of Ohio are east Pennsylvania, northwest Michigan, north Erie Lake, west Indiana, south Kentucky, and southeast West Virginia.
Columbus is both Ohio's capital and its largest city, located close to the state's geographic center and well-known to the University of Ohio State. Many cities in Ohio, however, serve as regional economic and cultural hubs. Akron, Canton, Akron, Mansfield, and Youngstown are based in the Northeast, home for major industrial firms such as Goodyear Tire and Rubber and Timken, Case Western Reserve University and Kent State University, Cleveland Clinic, and cultural attractions including the Cleveland Museum of Art, Big Five Cleveland Orchestra, Playhouse Square, Pro Football Hall of Fame, Cleveland Museum of Art. Lima and Toledo are Northwest Ohio's biggest cities. Northwest Ohio, known for its glass manufacturing industry, is home to two Fortune 500 companies, Owens Corning and Owens-Illinois. Dayton and Springfield are based in Miami Valley, home to Dayton University, Dayton Ballet, and Wright-Patterson's vast Air Force Base. Xavier dominates Southwest Ohio, home to Miami University and Cincinnati University, Cincinnati Union Terminal, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, and several Fortune 500 firms including Procter & Gamble, Kroger, Macy's, Inc., and Fifth Third Bank. Steubenville is Appalachian Ohio's only metropolitan city, home to Hocking Hills State Park.Read: Ohio Wikipedia Page