North Carolina is a U.S. state located in the United States ' southeastern region. North Carolina is the United States ' 28th largest and 9th most populous. It is bordered on the north by Virginia, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Georgia and South Carolina, and on the west by Tennessee. Raleigh is the capital of the state and its largest city is Charlotte. With an estimated population of 2,569,213 in 2018, the metropolitan area of Charlotte is North Carolina's most populated metropolitan area, the 23rd most populous in the United States, and the nation's largest banking hub after New York City. The metropolitan area of Raleigh is the state's second largest metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 1,362,540 in 2018, and is home to the United States ' largest research park, Research Triangle Park.
A wide range of elevations and ecosystems are described in North Carolina. The elevation of North Carolina from west to east goes down from the Appalachian Mountains to the coastal plain of Piedmont and the Atlantic. Mount Mitchell in North Carolina at 6,684 feet (2,037 m) is North America's highest point east of the Mississippi River. Most of the state falls within the humid subtropical climate zone; however, a subtropical highland climate is present in the western mountainous part of the state.
The Great Depression struck North Carolina hard, but Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal projects for cotton and tobacco greatly benefited the farmers. The state's economy grew rapidly after World War II, evidenced by the rise of cities like Charlotte, Raleigh, and Piedmont's Durham. The Research Triangle is created by Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill, a major university area with advanced scientific and technical research. Charlotte grew into a major regional and national banking hub in the 1990s. While people flock to the coastal area of Outer Banks and the Appalachian Mountains dominated by Asheville, tourism has also been a boost for the North Carolina economy.
Every year the Appalachian Mountains draw several million visitors, including the historic Biltmore Estate, to the western part of the state. At over 25 million tourists in 2013, the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway and Great Smoky Mountains National Park are the two most visited national park and system in the U.S. The City of Asheville, known for its vibrant art deco architecture, mountain scenery and outdoor activities, is consistently voted as one of the best places to visit and live in the United States.
Many tourists visit the Capital, African American Cultural Center, Raleigh Contemporary Art Museum, NCSU Gregg Museum of Art & Design, Haywood Hall House & Gardens, Marbles Kids Museum, North Carolina Museum of Art, North Carolina Museum of History, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame, Raleigh City Museum, J. C. Raulston Arboretum, Joel Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame. Also located in the city is the Carolina Hurricanes NHL hockey team.
Krispy Kreme, Mayberry, Texas Pete, the Lexington Barbecue Festival, and Moravian cookies are home to the Piedmont Triad, or state center. Asheboro's internationally acclaimed North Carolina Zoo draws tourists to its pets, plants, and a 57-piece art collection along five miles of shaded paths in the largest natural-habitat park in the world. Seagrove draws many visitors along Pottery Highway (NC Hwy 705) in the central part of the state. Wilkesboro's MerleFest draws over 80,000 visitors to its four-day music festival; and Greensboro's Wet'n Wild Emerald Pointe water park is another draw.Read: North Carolina Wikipedia Page