New Mexico is a state in the southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, built in 1610 as the capital of New Mexico (established in 1598 as the province of New Spain), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its corresponding metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona the Four Corners zone. New Mexico is also bordered on the east-south by the state of Texas, on the northeast by Louisiana, and on the south by the Mexican states of Chihuahua and on the southwest by Sonora. New Mexico is the 36th largest state by population with a population of about two million. It is the fifth largest and sixth densely populated of the 50 states with a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2). Because of their geographic locations, there is a colder, alpine climate in northern and eastern New Mexico, while hotter, arid climate in western and southern New Mexico.
Inhabited for many thousands of years before European colonization by native Americans, it was colonized in 1598 by the Spanish as part of New Spain's Imperial Spanish Viceroyalty. In 1563, it was called Nuevo México by Spanish colonists after the Aztec Valley of Mexico, more than 250 years before the creation and installation of Mexico's present government; therefore, New Mexico's present state was not named after the country today known as Mexico. New Mexico became a Mexican province with considerable autonomy following Mexican independence in 1824. Nevertheless, this independence was undermined by the Mexican government's centralizing practices since the 1830s, with rising tensions eventually leading to the 1837 Revolt. At the same time, the country became more dependent on the United States economically. The United States annexed New Mexico as the U.S. at the conclusion of the Mexican-American War in 1848. New territory of Mexico. On January 6, 1912, it was admitted to the Union as the 47th state.
New Mexico has been an important trade and migration corridor for a long time. The builders of the ruins at Chaco Canyon also built the enigmatic settlement's radiant network of roads. The trading location of Chaco Canyon moved to Casas Grandes in Chihuahua's new Mexican state, but north-south trade persisted. Pre-Columbian trade with Mesoamerican cultures included exotic birds, seashells and copper from northbound areas. Some of the products shipped south along the Rio Grande were turquoise, pottery and salt. The pre-Columbian trade in New Mexico today is particularly remarkable for being conducted on foot. Later on, the North-South trade route became a destination for settlers coming from New Spain with horses as well as trade and communication. El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro was the name of the road.
Many settlements grew or were founded with the rise of rail transport and the territory became a tourist destination. In Santa Fe, a large artistic community is flourishing, including people including Bruce Nauman, Richard Tuttle, John Connell and Steina Vasulka. The capital has several art museums including the New Mexico Museum of Art, Spanish Colonial Art Museum, Museum of International Folk Art, Indian Arts and Culture Museum, Museum of Contemporary Native Arts, SITE Santa Fe and others. Artists and writers ' colonies are flourishing, and the small town is teeming with galleries of art. The city hosts the annual Santa Fe Indian Market in August, which is the world's oldest and largest juried Native American art exhibition. Performing arts include the famous Santa Fe Opera, which performs five repertory operas from July to August, the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival, which takes place each summer, and the renovated Lensic Theater, a major venue for many kinds of performances. Santa Fe is also home to an indie record label called Frogville Records. At Fiestas de Santa Fe, the weekend after Labor Day features the burning of Zozobra, a 50 ft (15 m) marionette.Read: New Mexico Wikipedia Page