Michigan is a community in the United States ' Great Lakes and Midwest areas. The name comes from the Ojibwe word ' mishigamaa,' meaning' big water' or' big pool.' With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the 10th most populous of the 50 U.S., with the 11th highest total area, and the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Lansing is its capital, and Detroit is its largest city. Metro Detroit is one of the largest and most populous regional areas in the country.
The only state that consists of two peninsulas is Michigan. It is often noted that the Lower Peninsula is shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula (often referred to as "the U.P.") is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Mackinac Straits, a5-mile (8 km) channel that links Lake Huron with Lake Michigan. The peninsula is linked by the Mackinac Bridge. The state is surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair, with the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world. As a result, it is one of the leading recreational boating states in the United States. There are also 64,980 freshwater lakes and wetlands in Michigan. A person in the state is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural source of water or more than 137 km (85 miles) from a shoreline of the Great Lakes.
While Michigan has developed a diverse economy, it is widely known as the hub of the automotive industry in the United States, which emerged in the early 20th century as a major economic force. It is home to the three major car companies in the country (whose headquarters are all in the metropolitan area of Detroit). Though sparsely populated, due to its abundance of natural resources, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism, while the Lower Peninsula is a hub for manufacturing, forestry, agriculture, telecommunications, and high-tech industries.
Tourists from Michigan spend $17.2 billion annually in the state, creating 193,000 jobs in tourism. Michigan's tourism website is one of the nation's busiest. Destinations draw holidaymakers, hunters, and nature lovers from across the U.S. and Canada. Michigan is a forest land of 50%, much of which is very remote. Key draws are the mountains, rivers and thousands of kilometers of beaches. Event tourism attracts many occasions such as the Tulip Time Festival and the National Cherry Festival. In 2006, in conjunction with the new Post Labor Day School rule, the Michigan State Board of Education required all public schools in the state to have their first day of school after the Labor Day holiday. A survey found that 70% of all tourism business comes directly from residents of Michigan, and the Michigan Hotel, Motel, & Resort Association reported the shorter summer between school years cut into the state's annual tourism season.
Metropolitan Detroit tourism draws tourists to major attractions, including the Henry Ford, the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Detroit Zoo, and Detroit sports. Such museums include the Detroit Historical Museum, African American History's Charles H. Wright Center, Cranbrook Educational Group museums, and the Arab American National Museum. The metro area operates four major casinos in Windsor, Ontario, Canada, MGM Grand Detroit, Greektown, Motor City, and Caesars Windsor; however, Detroit is the largest American city and metropolitan area to offer casino resorts.
In the region, hunting and fishing are significant industries. Charter boats are focused on salmon, trout, walleye, and perch fishing in many Great Lakes towns. Michigan ranks first in the country in licensed hunters (more than one million) who add $2 billion a year to their economy. In the white-tailed deer season alone, more than three-quarters of a million hunters participate. Because of safety issues, several school districts in Michigan rural areas postpone school on the first day of the gun deer season.
The state has many historical landmarks that can become the core of a tour themselves. The Circle Tour of the Great Lakes is a dedicated scenic road system linking all the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.
Michigan is a world-class scuba diving destination with its position in relation to the Great Lakes and the countless ships that have foundundered over the years they have been used as a transportation route for people and bulk cargo. The Michigan Underwater Preserves are 11 submarine areas where wrecks are protected for sport divers ' benefit.Read: Michigan Wikipedia Page