Maryland is a state in the United States ' Mid-Atlantic region bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and south and west Columbia District; north Pennsylvania; and east Delaware. Baltimore is the country's largest city, and its capital is Annapolis. Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State are among its occasional nicknames. It is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, who was the mother of King Charles I, known in England as Queen Mary.
Sixteen of the twenty-three counties of Maryland, as well as the city of Baltimore, surround the coastal waters of the Chesapeake Bay estuary and its various tributaries, totaling more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Despite being one of the smallest states in the U.S., it features a variety of climates and topographical features that earned it as America's Miniature moniker. The geography, culture, and history of Maryland blend features of the country's Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and South Atlantic areas in a similar vein.
Early settlers and population centers in Maryland clustered around the Chesapeake Bay rivers and other waterways. His economy was heavily plantation-based, mostly focused on tobacco cultivation. The need for cheap labor has resulted in a rapid expansion of indentured servants, penal labor and slaves from Africa. In 1760, as a result of a long-running border dispute with Pennsylvania, the current boundaries of Maryland took shape. Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution and the Declaration of Independence was signed by its delegates by 1776. Thereafter, many of its people played important political and military roles in the war. The state ceded land in 1790 for the founding of Washington, D.C., U.S. capital.
Though then a slave state, during the American Civil War, Maryland remained in the Union, giving it a significant role in the conflict through its strategic location. Maryland engaged in the Industrial Revolution after the war, propelled by Europe's seaports, railroad networks, and mass immigration. The population of the state has grown rapidly since the Second World War to around six million people, and it is one of the most densely populated U.S. states. In 2015, Maryland had the state's highest median household income, primarily due to its close proximity to Washington, D.C. And a highly diversified manufacturing, retail, higher education, and biotechnology market. Hosting some of the highest number of historic landmarks per capita represents the central role of the state in U.S. history.
Tourism is popular in Maryland, with visitors visiting Baltimore City, Eastern Shore beaches, and Western Maryland's nature, as well as others traveling on the way to Washington, D.C. Baltimore attractions include the Harbor Place, Baltimore Aquarium, Fort McHenry, and Camden Yards Baseball Stadium. Ocean City on the Atlantic Coast has been a popular summer beach destination, particularly since the Chesapeake Bay Bridge was built in 1952 connecting the Eastern Shore with the more populated cities of Maryland. Annapolis state capital provides locations such as the construction of the state capital, the downtown district, and the waterfront. In view of the role of Maryland in the American Civil War and the War of 1812, Maryland also has many places of interest in military history. Many draws include the Chesapeake Bay's historic and picturesque cities, such as Saint Mary's, Maryland's first colonial settlement and original capital.Read: Maryland Wikipedia Page