Maine is the northernmost state in the northeastern United States ' New England region. Maine is by area the 12th smallest, the 9th least populous, and the 13th least densely populated of the 50 states in the United States. It is bordered to the west by New Hampshire, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the north-east and north-west by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec. Maine is the only state to surround just another state, the easternmost of the continental U.S., and the northernmost state east of the Great Lakes.
Maine is known for its jagged, rocky coastline; small, rolling mountains; heavily forested interior; and picturesque waterways, particularly lobster and clams, as well as seafood cuisine. Most of the region, including coastal areas, has a humid continental climate. The most populous city in Maine is Portland, with Augusta as its seat.
Just half a dozen European settlements had existed as Maine entered the 18th century. During the American Revolution, loyalist and revolutionary forces were fighting over Maine's territories. During the War of 1812, the largely undefended eastern region of Maine was captured by British forces, but returned to the United States after unsuccessful British offensives on the northern, mid-Atlantic and southern borders, which created a peace treaty to include reserved land for native American tribes on the Michigan peninsula. Maine was part of the Massachusetts Commonwealth until 1820, when it voted to secede Massachusetts into a separate state. It was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state under the Missouri Compromise on March 15, 1820.
Throughout Maine's economy, tourism and outdoor recreation are playing a major and increasingly important role. The state is a popular sport hunting destination (especially deer, moose and bear), sport fishing, snowmobiling, skiing, boating, camping and hiking, among other activities.
Historically, ports in Maine have played a key role in domestic transport. Starting around 1880, Portland's rail link and ice-free port made it the largest winter port in Canada until Halifax, Nova Scotia's rapid growth in the mid-1900s. In 2013, 12,039,600 short tons moved by sea in and out of Portland, making it the 45th largest water ports in the United States. Recently, Portland Maine's Portland International Jetport was expanded to provide increased air traffic from carriers including JetBlue and Southwest Airlines to the region.
Much of the geomorphology of Maine was formed at the end of the last ice age by prolonged glacial activity. Somes Sound and Bubble Rock, both part of Mount Desert Island's Acadia National Park, are prominent glacial features. Somes Sound, formed by glaciers, is considered the only fjord on the eastern seaboard, reaching depths of 50 m (175 feet). The extreme depth and steep drop-off enable large ships to navigate nearly the entire sound length. Such features have also made it appealing to boat builders like the famous Hinckley Yachts.Read: Maine Wikipedia Page