Louisiana is a state in South Central America's Deep South region. It is the 31st largest and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. Louisiana is bordered on the west by Louisiana, on the north by Arkansas, on the east by Mississippi, and on the south by the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi River forms a large part of its eastern frontier. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with so-called parishes with political subdivisions that are similar to counties. Baton Rouge is the capital of the state, and New Orleans is its largest city.
Many of the state lands have been created from sediments washed down the Mississippi River, leaving huge deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp.published source] containing a rich southern biota; typical examples include birds such as ibis and egrets. There are also many species of tree frogs, and fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. Fire is a natural process in the countryside in more elevated regions, creating large areas of longleaf pine forest and wet savannas. These host an exceptionally large number of species of plants, including many species of terrestrial orchids and carnivorous plants. Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other southern state, including four recognized by the federal government, ten recognized by the state, and four not recognized by the state.
Many urban environments in Louisiana have a diverse, multilingual heritage that is so strongly influenced by a combination of French, Haitian, Spanish, Native American, and African cultures from the 18th century that they are considered unique in the United States. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, the present-day State of Louisiana had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one. Furthermore, in the 18th century, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves. Many people came from the same West African region, thereby concentrating their culture. In the post-Civil War era, Anglo-Americans increased the pressure for anglicization, and in 1921, English became the only language of instruction in schools in Louisiana for a period before a multilingualism program was resurrected in 1974. Throughout Louisiana, there has never been an official language, and the constitution of the state specifies "the right of the people to conserve, nurture, and encourage their respective geographical, linguistic, and cultural roots."
Renewed interest in the French language in Louisiana has resulted in the creation of French immersion schools in Canada, as well as bilingual signage in New Orleans and Lafayette's historic French communities. In addition to private organizations, the state has maintained the Council for French Development in Louisiana (CODOFIL) since 1968, which promotes the use of French in tourism, economic development, culture, education and international relations in the state. The government was the first in the country to join the Organization internationale de la Francophonie as an observer through the activities of that agency in 2018.Read: Louisiana Wikipedia Page