Indiana is a U.S. territory in North America's Midwest and Great Lakes areas. Indiana is the area's 38th largest and the United States ' 17th most populated. Indianapolis is the capital and largest city. Indiana was admitted to the U.S. on December 11, 1816 as the 19th U.S. territory. Indiana borders northwest on Lake Michigan, north on Michigan, east on Ohio, south and south on Kentucky, and west on Illinois.
Before becoming a state, Indiana was populated for thousands of years by numerous indigenous peoples and native Americans. Settlement trends in Indiana have reflected geographic cultural segmentation in the Eastern United States since its establishment as a territory; the northernmost tier of the state has been settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic States and neighboring Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern States, particularly Kent.
When World War II came to an end, Indiana rebounded to production levels pre-Depression. Industry has become the largest employer, a phenomenon that has continued through the 1960s. Urbanization led to substantial growth in the cities of the state during the 1950s and 1960s. The automobile, steel, and pharmaceutical industries were the largest companies in Indiana. After the war, the population of Indiana continued to grow, reaching five million by the census of 1970. Matthew E. Welsh's government introduced its first two-per-cent sales tax in the 1960s. In 1949, Indiana classrooms were disassembled. The Census Bureau listed the population of Indiana as 95.5% white and 4.4% black in 1950. Governor Welsh also worked with the General Assembly to pass the Indiana Civil Rights Bill, giving minorities equal protection in seeking work.
The system includes two U.S. natural regions: the Central Lowlands and the Low Plateaus of the Interior. The plains of till make up Indiana's northern and central regions. Much of its presence is due to the conditions that glaciers have left behind. Central Indiana is predominantly flat with some low rolling hills (except where rivers cut deep valleys through the plain, such as the Wabash River and Sugar Creek) and glacial sand, gravel and clay soil, resulting in exceptional farmland. Except for the presence of higher and higher terminal moraines and hundreds of kettle lakes, Northern Indiana is close.
There are numerous ridges of sand and dunes in northwest Indiana, some reaching almost 200 feet in height. They are along the shoreline of Lake Michigan and also north to the Outwash Plain of Kankakee. Southern Indiana is characterized by valleys and hilly, rough terrain that contrasts with much of the state. Here, on the surface, bedrock is visible and is not buried in glacial as far as north. The area has many caves, caverns, and quarries due to the prevalence of Indiana calcareous.Read: Indiana Wikipedia Page