Arizona is a state in the United States ' southwest region. It's also part of the states of the West and the Mountain. It is the sixth largest of the 50 states and the 14th most populous. Phoenix is its capital and largest city. Arizona shares the Four Corners area with Utah, Colorado and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are to the west Nevada and California, and to the south and southwest the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.
Arizona is the 48th and last territory to be admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Historically part of New Spain's Alta California territory, it became an autonomous part of Mexico in 1821. Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848 after being defeated in the Mexican-American War. The state's southernmost section was bought through the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.
Southern Arizona, with very hot summers and mild winters, is known for its desert climate. Northern Arizona includes pine forests, Douglas fir trees, and spruce trees; Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); and wide, deep canyons with much lower summer temperatures and substantial winter snowfalls. In the Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson areas, there are ski resorts. There are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments in addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
During the Great Depression, cotton farming and copper mining, two of the most important agricultural industries in Arizona, suffered heavily. Yet tourism began to develop during the 1920s and even the 1930s as the main Arizon industry it is today. Dude ranches such as the K L Bar and Remuda in Wickenburg, along with the Flying V and Tanque Verde in Tucson, offered visitors the opportunity to participate in the "Old West" flavor and activities. During this time, many luxury hotels and resorts were opened, some of which are still top tourist attractions. These include the Arizona Biltmore Hotel in central Phoenix (opened in 1929) and the Wigwam Resort (opened in 1936) on the west side of the Phoenix area.Read: Arizona Wikipedia Page